In Russia and (formerly) the Soviet Union: the people, the nation; (specifically in Russian and Soviet political ideology) the common people viewed as the bearers of national culture.
Narod has been used by successive movements to denote differing demographic groups. To the Narodniki in pre-revolutionary Russia, the term encompassed the peasantry and the intelligentsia, excluding the working class; to the Bolsheviks, by contrast, it comprised the entire working class. The Soviet state used narod more broadly to comprehend the Soviet Union as a whole, bringing together numerous nationalities.
1930s; earliest use found in American Journal of Sociology. From Russian narod people, nation.